Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team - Detailed Publication List

2014
Bjornlie, D. D., F. T. van Manen, M. R. Ebinger, M. A. Haroldson, D. J. Thompson, C. M. Costello. 2014. Whitebark pine, population density, and home-range size of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. PloS ONE doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0088160.

Bjornlie, D. D., Thompson, D. J., Haroldson, M. A., Schwartz, C. C., Gunther, K. A., Cain, S. L., Tyers, D. B., Frey, K. L. and Aber, B. C. (2014), Methods to estimate distribution and range extent of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 38: 182–187. doi: 10.1002/wsb.368

Costello, C. M., F. T. van Manen, M. A. Haroldson, M. R. Ebinger, S. Cain, K. Gunther, and D. D. Bjornlie. 2014. Influence of whitebark pine decline on fall habitat use and movements of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecology and Evolution. 4(10):2004-2018.

Gunther, K., R. Shoemaker, K. Frey, M. A. Haroldson, S. L. Cain, F. T. van Manen, and J. K. Fortin. 2014. Dietary breadth of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus. 25(1):60–72.

Richardson, Leslie, Tatjana Rosen, Kerry Gunther, and Chuck Schwartz. 2014. The economics of roadside bear viewing. Journal of Environmental Management. 140:102-110.

Schwartz, C. C., Teisberg, J. E., Fortin, J. K., Haroldson, M. A., Servheen, C., Robbins, C. T. and van Manen, F. T. (2014), Use of isotopic sulfur to determine whitebark pine consumption by Yellowstone bears: A reassessment. Wildlife Society Bulletin. doi: 10.1002/wsb.426

Teisberg, J. E., Haroldson, M. A., Schwartz, C. C., Gunther, K. A., Fortin, J. K. and Robbins, C. T. (2014), Contrasting past and current numbers of bears visiting Yellowstone cutthroat trout streams. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.667

van Manen, F. T., Ebinger, M. R., Haroldson, M. A., Harris, R. B., Higgs, M. D., Cherry, S., White, G. C. and Schwartz, C. C. (2014), Re-evaluation of Yellowstone grizzly bear population dynamics not supported by empirical data: response to Doak & Cutler. Conservation Letters. doi: 10.1111/conl.12095

2013

Haroldson, M. and K. Gunther. 2013. Roadside bear viewing opportunities in Yellowstone National Park: characteristics, trends, and influence of whitebark pine. Ursus. 24(1):27-41. 36.1

Higgs, Megan D., William A. Link, Gary C. White, Mark A. Haroldson, and Daniel D. Bjornlie. 2013. Insights Into the Latent Multinomial Model Through Mark-Resight Data on Female Grizzly Bears With Cubs-of-the-Year. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics. doi: 10.1007/s13253-013-0148-8

Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. 2013. Response of Yellowstone grizzly bears to changes in food resources: a synthesis. Report to the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee and Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Bozeman, Montana, USA.

Laufenberg, J. S., Van Manen, F. T. and Clark, J. D. 2013. Effects of sampling conditions on DNA-based estimates of American black bear abundance. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.534

Schwartz, C. C., Fortin, J. K., Teisberg, J. E., Haroldson, M. A., Servheen, C., Robbins, C. T. and Van Manen, F. T. (2013), Body and diet composition of sympatric black and grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.633

Schwartz, Charles C., Mark A. Haroldson, Kerry A. Gunther, and Charles T. Robbins. Omnivory and the Terrestrial Food Web — Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Diets. Pages 109 – 126 in White, P.J., Robert A. Garrot, and Glenn E. Plumb. 2013. Yellowstone’s Wildlife in Transition. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA. 347 pp.

van Manen FT, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2013. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2012. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2012

Ratnayeke, S.,and F. T. van Manen. 2012. Assessing sloth bears as surrogates for carnivore conservation in Sri Lanka. Ursus 23(2):206–217.

Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. 2012. Updating and evaluating approaches to estimate population size and sustainable mortality limits for grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Bozeman, Montana, USA.

Hopkins III, John B., P.L. Koch, C.C. Schwartz, J.M. Ferguson, S.S. Greenleaf, and S.T. Kalinowski. 2012. Stable Isotopes to Detect Food-Conditioned Bears and to Evaluate Human-Bear Management. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 76(4):703–713; 2012; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.318

Proctor, M.F., et al. 2012. Population Fragmentation and Inter-Ecosystem Movements of Grizzly Bears in Western Canada and the Northern United States. Wildlife Monographs. 180:1-46. doi: 10.1002/wmon.6.

Schwartz C.C., Gude P.H., Landenburger L., Haroldson M.A., Podruzny S. 2012. Impacts of rural development on Yellowstone wildlife: linking grizzly bear Ursus arctos demographics with projected residential growth. Wildlife Biology 18(3):246-263.

Teisberg, J. E., 2012. Applied investigations into grizzly and black bear ecology and management. Dissertation, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA.

van Manen FT, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2012. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2011. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2011

Fortin, J. K., 2011. Niche separation of grizzly (Ursus arctos) and American black bears (Ursus americanus) in Yellowstone National Park. Dissertation, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA.

Harris Richard B., Charles C. Schwartz, Richard D. Mace, and Mark A. Haroldson. 2011. Study design and sampling intensity for demographic analyses of bear populations. Ursus. Vol. 22, Issue 1, pg(s) 24-36 doi: 10.2192/URSUS-D-10-00028.1

Jean, C., E. Shanahan, R. Daley, S. Podruzny, J. Canfield, G. DeNitto, D., Reinhart, C. Schwartz. 2011. Monitoring insect and disease in whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem for the Yellowstone Science conference proceedings.

Ruth, T. K., Haroldson, M. A., Murphy, K. M., Buotte, P. C., Hornocker, M. G. and Quigley, H. B. (2011), Cougar survival and source-sink structure on Greater Yellowstone's Northern Range. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 75: 1381–1398. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.190

Schwartz CCM, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2011. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2010. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2010

Aryal A., Sathyakumar S., Schwartz C.C. 2010. Current status of brown bears in the Manasalu Conservation Area, Nepal. Ursus 21(1):109-114.

Haroldson M.A., Schwartz C.C., Kendall K.C., Gunther K.A., Moody D.S., Frey K., and Paetkau D. 2010. Genetic analysis of individual origins supports isolation of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus 21(1):1-13.

Hopkins, J.B., S. Herrero, R. Shideler, K. Gunther, C. Schwartz, and S. Kalinowski. 2010. A proposed lexicon of terms and concepts for human–bear management in North America. Ursus 21(2):154-168.

Schwartz, C. C., S.L. Cain, S. Podruzny, S. Cherry, and L. Frattaroli. 2010. Contrasting Activity Patterns of Sympatric and Allopatric Black and Grizzly Bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(8):1628-1638.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2010. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2009. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz, C. C., M. A. Haroldson, G.C. White. 2010. Hazards Affecting Grizzly Bear Survival in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(4):654-667.

Schwartz, C. C., M. A. Haroldson, and K. A. Gunther. 2010. Understanding grizzlies: Science of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. Pages 51-63 in J. Johnson editor. Knowing Yellowstone: Science in America’s first National Park. Taylor Trade Publishing, Lanham, Maryland, USA.

2009

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2009. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2008. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz CC, Podruzny S, Cain SL, Cherry S. 2009. Performance of spread spectrum global positioning system collars on grizzly and black bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(7):1174-1182.

2008

Haroldson, M.A., C.C. Schwartz, and K.A. Gunther. 2008. Grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: garbage, controversy, and decline to recovery. Yellowstone Science 16(2):13-24.

Haroldson, M.A., K.A. Gunther, and T. Wyman. 2008. Possible grizzly cub adoption in Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone Science 16(2):42-44.

Swenson, J.E., and M.A. Haroldson. 2008. Observations of mixed-aged litters in brown bears. Ursus 19(1):73-79.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2008. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2007. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz, C.C., and G.C. White. 2008. Estimating reproductive rates for female bears: proportions versus transition probabilities. Ursus 19(1):1-12.

Schwartz, C. C., M. A. Haroldson, S. Cherry, and K. A. Keating. 2008. Evaluation of rules to distinguish unique female grizzly bears with cubs in Yellowstone. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(2):543–554.

2007

Cherry, S., G. C. White, K. A. Keating, M. A. Haroldson, and C. C. Schwartz. 2007. Evaluating estimators for numbers of females with cubs-of-the-year in the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 12(2)195-215.

Harris, R. B., G. C. White, C. C. Schwartz, and M. A. Haroldson. 2007. Population growth of Yellowstone grizzlies: uncertainty and future monitoring. Ursus 18(2):168-178.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2007. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2006. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2006

Borkowski, J. J. 2006. Assessment of a cumulative effects model to monitor habitat Quality of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Final report to the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. Department of Mathematical Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana.

Robbins CT, Schwartz CC, Gunther KA, Servheen C. 2006. Grizzly bear nutrition and ecology studies in Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone Science 14:19-26.

Robison HL, Schwartz CC, Petty JD, Brussard PF. 2006. Assessment of pesticide residues in army cutworm moths (Euxoa auxiliaris) from the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and their potential consequences to foraging grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). Chemosphere 64:1704-1712.

Schwartz CC, Gunther K. 2006. Grizzly bear management in Yellowstone National Park: the heart of recovery in the Yellowstone ecosystem.Pages 232-238 in McCullough DR, Kaji K, Yamanaka M, editors. Wildlife in Shiretoko and Yellowstone National Parks: lessons in wildlife conservation from two World Heritage sites. Shiretoko Nature foundation, Hokkaido, Japan.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, Gunther KA, Moody D. 2006. Distribution of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem in 2004. Ursus 17(1):63-66.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2006. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2005. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, White GC, Harris RB, Cherry S, Keating KA, Moody D, Servheen C. 2006. Temporal, spatial, and environmental influences on the demographics of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Wildlife Monographs 161.

2005

Haroldson MA, Gunther KA, Reinhart DP, Podruzny SR, Cegelski C, Waits L, Wyman T, Smith J. 2005. Changing numbers of spawning cutthroat trout in tributary streams of Yellowstone Lake and estimates of grizzly bears visiting streams from DNA, Ursus 16(2):167-180.

Herrero S, Smith T, DeBruyn D, Gunther K, Matt CA. 2005. Brown bear habituation to people -- safety, risks, and benefits. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(1):362-373.

Mattson DJ, Podruzny SR, Haroldson MA. 2005. Consumption of pondweed rhizomes by Yellowstone grizzly bears. Ursus 16(1):41-46.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2005. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2004. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2004

Felicetti LA, Schwartz CC, Rye RO, Haroldson MA, Gunther KA, Waits L, Robbins CT. 2004. Use of naturally-occurring mercury to determine the importance of cutthroat trout to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82:493-501.

Gunther KA, Cain SL, Copeland J, Frey K, Haroldson MA, Schwartz CC. 2004. Grizzly bear-human conflicts in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 1992-2000. Ursus 15:10-22.

Gunther KA, Smith DW. 2004. Interactions between wolves and female grizzly bears with cubs in Yellowstone National Park. Ursus 15(2):232-238.

Haroldson, M.A., C.C. Schwartz, S. Cherry, and D.S. Moody. 2004. Possible effects of elk harvest on fall distribution of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(1):129-137.

Hilderbrand GV, Farley SD, Schwartz CC, Robbins CT. 2004. Importance of salmon to wildlife: implications for integrated management. Ursus 15:1-9.

Johnson CJ, Boyce MS, Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA. 2004. Modeling survival: application of the Andersen-Gill model to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(4):966-978.

Pyare, S., S. Cain, D. Moody, C. Schwartz, and J. Berger. 2004. Carnivore re-colonisation: reality, possibility and a non-equilibrium century for grizzly bears in the Southern Yellowstone Ecosystem. Animal Conservation 7(1):71-77.

Robbins CT, Schwartz CC, Lelicetti, LA. 2004. Nutritional ecology of ursids:  a review of newer methods and management implications. Ursus 15(2):161-171.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA. 2004. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2003. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2003

Felicetti, L.A., C.C. Schwartz, R.O. Rye, M.A. Haroldson, K.A. Gunther, D.L. Phillips, and C.T. Robbins. 2003. Use of sulfur and nitrogen stable isotopes to determine the importance of whitebark pine nuts to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:763-770.

Hundertmark KJ, Bowyer TR, Shields GF, Schwartz CC. 2003. Mitochondrial phylogeography of moose (Alces alces) in North America. J Mammal 84:315-25.

Ruth, T.K., D.W. Smith, M.A. Haroldson, P.C. Buotte, C.C. Schwartz, H.B. Quigley, S. Cherry, K.M. Murphy, D. Tyers, and K. Frey. 2003. Large-carnivore response to recreational big-game hunting along the Yellowstone National Park and Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness boundary. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(4):1150-1161.

Schwartz, C.C., and M.A. Haroldson, editors. 2003. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2002. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana. 75pp.

Schwartz, C.C., K.A. Keating, H.V. Reynolds, III, V.G. Barnes, Jr., R.A. Sellers, J.E. Swenson, S.D. Miller, B.N. McLellan, J. Keay, R. McCann, M. Gibeau, W.F. Wakkinen, R.D. Mace, W. Kasworm, R. Smith, and S. Herrero. 2003. Reproductive maturation and senescence in the female brown bear. Ursus 14(2):109-119.

Schwartz, C.C., S.D. Miller, and M.A. Haroldson. 2003. Grizzly bear. Pages 556-586 in G.A. Feldhamer, B.C. Thompson, and J.A. Chapman, editors. Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management, and Conservation. Second edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.

Schwartz CC, Swenson JE, Miller SD. 2003. Large carnivores, moose, and humans: a changing paradigm of predator management in the 21st century. Alces 39:41-63.

2002

Cherry, S., M.A. Haroldson, J. Robison-Cox, and C.C. Schwartz. 2002.Estimating total human-caused mortality from reported mortality using data from radio-instrumented grizzly bears. Ursus 13:175-184.

Gunther, K.A., M.T. Bruscino, S. Cain, L. Hanauska-Brown, K. Frey, M.A. Haroldson, and C.C. Schwartz. 2002. Grizzly bear-human conflicts and management actions in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 2001. Pages 56-93 in C.C. Schwartz and M.A. Haroldson, editors. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2001. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana.

Haroldson, M.A., M. Ternent, K. Gunther, and C.C. Schwartz. 2002. Grizzly bear denning chronology and movements in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus 13:29-37.

Hundertmark, K.J., G.F. Shields, I.G. Udina, R.T. Bowyer, A.A. Danilkin, and C.C. Schwartz. 2002. Mitochondrial phylogeography of moose (Alces alces): late Pleistocene divergence and population expansion. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22(3):375-387. Abstract.

Keating, K.A., C.C. Schwartz, M.A. Haroldson, and D. Moody. 2002. Estimating number of females with cubs-of-the-year in the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Ursus 13:161-174.

Mattson, D.J., S. Podruzny, and M.A. Haroldson. 2002. Consumption of fungal sporocarps by Yellowstone grizzly bears. Ursus 13:95-103.

Podruzny, S.R., S. Cherry, C.C. Schwartz, and L.A. Landenburger. 2002. Grizzly bear denning and potential conflict areas in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus 13:19-28.

Schwartz, C.C. 2002. The paradigm of grizzly bear restoration in North America. Pages 225-229 in D. Maehr, editor. Large Mammal Restoration in North America: ecological and sociological considerations in the 21st century. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Schwartz, C.C., and M.A. Haroldson, editors. 2002. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 2001. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana. 108pp.

Schwartz, C.C., M.A. Haroldson, K. Gunther, and D. Moody. 2002. Distribution of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 1990-2000. Ursus 13:203-212.

2001

Boyce, M.S., D. MacKenzie, B.F.J. Manly, M.A. Haroldson, and D. Moody. 2001. Negative binomial models for abundance estimation of multiple closed populations. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:498-509.

Cherry M. 2001. Biological assessment: the effects of snowmobile use on grizzly bears, Gallatin National Forest. (USGS employees Podruzny, Landenburger, Haroldson, and Schwartz provided the necessary data analysis for this report).

Gunther, K.A., M.T. Bruscino, S. Cain, J. Copeland, K. Frey, M.A. Haroldson, and C.C. Schwartz. 2001. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 2000. Pages 64-109 in C.C. Schwartz and M.A. Haroldson, editors. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 2000. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana.

Kester, C.L., R.O. Rye, C.A. Johnson, C.C. Schwartz, and C.H. Holmes. 2001. On-line sulfur isotope analysis of organic material by direct combustion: preliminary results and potential applications. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 37:53-65.

Reinhart, D.P., M.A. Haroldson, D.J. Mattson, and K.A. Gunther. 2001. Effects of exotic species on Yellowstone's grizzly bears. Western North American Naturalist. 61(3):277-288.

Schwartz, C.C., and M.A. Haroldson, editors. 2001. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 2000. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana. 126pp.

2000

Gunther, K.A., M.T. Bruscino, S. Cain, J. Copeland, K. Frey, M.A. Haroldson, and C.C. Schwartz. 2000. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1999. Pages 55-128 in C.C. Schwartz and M.A. Haroldson, editors. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1999. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana.

Hilderbrand, G.V., C.C. Schwartz, C.T. Robbins, and T.A. Hanley. 2000. Effect of hibernation and reproductive status on body mass and condition of coastal brown bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:178-183.

Morrill, A.W. 2000. The influence of soil on whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) cone production in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 118pp.

Schwartz, C.C. 2000. Radio-tracking large wilderness mammals: integration of Global Positioning Systems and Argos technology. Page 4 in L.R. Handley, F.J. D'Erchia, and T.M. Charron, editors. Extended abstracts from BioGeo99: Applications of geospatial technology to biological sciences. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Information and Technology Report USGS/BRD/ITR-2000-0008.

Schwartz, C.C., and M.A. Haroldson, editors. 2000. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1999. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana. 128pp.

Shields, G.F., D. Adams, G. Garner, M. Labelle, J. Pietsch, R. Ramsay, C.C. Schwartz, K. Titus, and S. Williamson. 2000. Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA variation in brown bears and polar bears. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15:319-326. Abstract.

1999

Arthur, S.M., and C.C. Schwartz. 1999. Effects of sample size and sampling frequency on studies of brown bear home ranges and habitat use. Ursus 11:139-148.

Gunther, K.A., M.T. Bruscino, S. Cain, J. Copeland, K. Frey, M.A. Haroldson, and C.C. Schwartz. 1999. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1998. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 56pp.

Hilderbrand, G.V., T.A. Hanley, C.T. Robbins, and C.C. Schwartz. 1999. Role of brown bears (Ursus arctos) in the flow of marine nitrogen into a terrestrial ecosystem. Oecologia. 121(4):546-550.

Hilderbrand, G.V., S.G. Jenkins, C.C. Schwartz, T.A. Hanley, and C.T. Robbins. 1999. Effect of seasonal differences in dietary meat intake on changes in body mass and composition of wild and captive brown bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:1623-1630.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and P. Schullery. 1999. Yellowstone Bears. Pages 50-75 in T.W. Clark, A.P. Curlee, S.C. Minta, and P.M. Kareiva, editors. Carnivores in ecosystems: the Yellowstone experience. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

Podruzny, S.R., D.P. Reinhart, and D.J. Mattson. 1999. Fire, red squirrels, whitebark pine, and Yellowstone grizzly bears. Ursus 11:131-138.

Schwartz, C.C., and S.M. Arthur. 1999. Radio-tracking large wilderness mammals: integration of GPS and Argos technologies. Ursus 11:261-270.

Schwartz, C.C., and M.A. Haroldson, editors. 1999. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1998. U.S. Geological Survey, Bozeman, Montana. 72pp.

Spector, D.A. 1999. The influence of forest structure on cone production in whitebark pine throughout the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 106pp.

1998

Gunther, K.A., M.T. Bruscino, S. Cain, T. Chu, K. Frey, M.A. Haroldson, and C.C. Schwartz. 1998. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1997. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 45pp.

Haroldson, M.A., M. Ternent, G. Holm, R.A. Swalley, S. Podruzny, D. Moody, and C.C. Schwartz. 1998. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1997. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division report. 54pp.

1997

Gunther, K.A., M.T. Bruscino, S. Cain, K. Frey, and R.R. Knight. 1997. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1996. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 43pp.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and M.A. Haroldson. 1997. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1996. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division report. 47pp.

1996

Blanchard, B.M., and R.R. Knight. 1996. Effects of wildfire on grizzly bear movements and foraging strategies. Pages 117-122 in J.M. Greenlee, editor. Proceedings of the second biennial scientific conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. International Association of Wildland Fire, Fairfield, Washington.

Eberhardt, L.L., and R.R. Knight. 1996. How many grizzlies in Yellowstone? Journal of Wildlife Management. 60:416-421.

Gunther, K.A., M. Bruscino, S. Cain, T. Chu, K. Frey, and R.R. Knight. 1996. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1995. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 39pp.

Knight, R.R., and B.M. Blanchard. 1996. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1995. National Biological Service report 25pp.

1995

Blanchard, B.M., and R.R. Knight. 1995. Biological consequences of relocating grizzly bears in the Yellowstone ecosystem. Journal of Wildlife Management. 59:560-565.

Gunther, K.A., M. Bruscino, S. Cain, T. Chu, K. Frey, and R.R. Knight. 1995. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1994. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 37pp.

Knight, R.R., and B.M. Blanchard. 1995. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1994. National Biological Service report 27pp.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and L.L. Eberhardt. 1995. Appraising status of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population by counting females with cubs-of-the-year. Wildlife Society Bulletin 23:245-248.

1994

Eberhardt, L.L., B.M. Blanchard, and R.R. Knight. 1994. Population trend of the Yellowstone grizzly bear as estimated from reproductive and survival rates. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72:360-363. Abstract.

French, S.P., M.G. French, and R.R. Knight. 1994. Grizzly bear use of army cutworm moths in the Yellowstone Ecosystem. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 9:389-399.

Gunther, K.A., M. Bruscino, S. Cain, T. Chu, K. Frey, and R.R. Knight. 1994. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1993. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 29pp.

Knight, R.R., and B.M. Blanchard. 1994. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1993. National Biological Service report. 34pp.

Mattson, D.J., and D.P. Reinhart. 1994. Bear use of whitebark pine seeds in North America. Pages 212-220 in W.C. Schmidt and F.K. Holtmeier, compilers. Proceedings of the international workshop on subalpine stone pines and their environment: the status of our knowledge. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-GTR-309.

Mattson, D.J., D.P. Reinhart, and B.M. Blanchard. 1994. Variation in production and bear use of whitebark pine seeds in the Yellowstone area. Pages 205-220 in D.G. Despain, editor. Plants and their environment: proceedings of the first biennial scientific conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Technical Report NPS/NRYELL/NRTR-93/XX.

1993

Gunther, K.A., K. Aune, S. Cain, T. Chu, and C.M. Gillin. 1993. Grizzly bear-human conflicts in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1992. Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, Yellowstone Ecosystem Subcommittee report. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Unpublished report. 22pp.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1993. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1992. National Park Service report. 26pp.

Servheen, C., and R.R. Knight. 1993. Possible effects of a restored gray wolf population on grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Area. Pages 28-37 in R.S. Cook, editor. Ecological issues on reintroducing wolves into Yellowstone National Park. Scientific Monograph NPS/NRYELL/NRSM-93/22. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service.

1992

Blanchard, B., R. Knight, and D. Mattson. 1992. Distribution of Yellowstone grizzly bears during the 1980s. American Midland Naturalist 128:332-338.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1992. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1991. National Park Service report. 31pp.

Mattson, D.J., B.M. Blanchard, and R.R. Knight. 1992. Yellowstone grizzly bear mortality, human-habituation, and whitebark pine seed crops. Journal of Wildlife Management. 56:432-442.

Mattson, D.J., and R.R. Knight. 1992. Spring bear use of ungulates in the Firehole River drainage of Yellowstone National Park. Pages 5.93-5.120 in J.D. Varley and W.G. Brewster, editors. Wolves for Yellowstone? A report to the United States Congress, Vol. IV Research and Analysis. National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming.

Mattson, D.J., R.R. Knight, and B.M. Blanchard. 1992. Cannibalism and predation on black bears by grizzly bears in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1975-1990. Journal of Mammalogy 73(2):422-425.

1991

Blanchard, B., and R. Knight. 1991. . Movements of Yellowstone grizzly bears, 1975-87. Biological Conservation. 58(1):41-67.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1991. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1990. National Park Service report. 15pp.

Mattson, D.J., B.M. Blanchard, and R.R. Knight. 1991. Food habits of Yellowstone grizzly bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 69:1619-1629. Abstract.

Mattson, D.J., C.M. Gillin, S.A. Benson, and R.R. Knight. 1991. Bear feeding activity at alpine insect aggregation sites in the Yellowstone ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Zoology 69:2430-2435. Abstract.

Mattson, D., and M.M. Reid. 1991. Conservation of the Yellowstone grizzly bear. Conservation Biology 5:364-372. Abstract.

1990

Blanchard, B. 1990. Relationships between whitebark pine cone production and fall grizzly bear movements. Page 362 in W.C. Schmidt and K.J. McDonald, compilers. Proceedings of the symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: ecology and management of a high-mountain resource. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-270.

Blanchard, B., and R. Knight. 1990. Reactions of grizzly bears to wildfire in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. The Canadian Field Naturalist 104:592-594.

French, S., and M. French. 1990. Predatory behavior of grizzly bears feeding on elk calves in Yellowstone National Park, 1986-88. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 8:335-341.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1990. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1989. National Park Service report. 33pp.

Mattson, D.J. 1990. Human impacts on bear habitat use. International Conference for Bear Research and Management 8:33-56.

Mattson, D., and C. Jonkel. 1990. Stone pines and bears. Pages 223-236 in W.C. Schmidt and K.J. McDonald, compilers. Proceedings - symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: ecology and management of a high-mountain resource. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-270.

Mattson, D., and D. Reinhart. 1990. Whitebark pine on the Mount Washburn massif, Yellowstone National Park. Pages 106-117 in W.C. Schmidt and K.J. McDonald, compilers. Proceedings of the symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: ecology and management of a high-mountain resource. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-270.

Picton, H., D. Palmisciano, and G. Nelson. 1990. Fluctuating asymmetry and testing isolation of Montana grizzly bear populations. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 8:421-424.

Reinhart, D. 1990. Grizzly bear habitat use of the Cooke City, Montana area. National Park Service. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 34pp.

Reinhart, D. 1990. Grizzly bear habitat use on cutthroat trout spawning streams in tributaries of Yellowstone Lake. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 128pp.

Reinhart, D., and D. Mattson. 1990. Bear use of cutthroat trout spawning streams in Yellowstone National Park. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 8:343-350.

Reinhart, D., and D. Mattson. 1990. Red squirrels in the whitebark pine zone. Pages 256-263 in W.C. Schmidt and K.J. McDonald, compilers. Proceedings of symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: ecology and management of a high-mountain resource. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-270.

1989

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1989. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1988. National Park Service report. 34pp.

Mattson, D., and R.R. Knight. 1989. Evaluation of grizzly bear habitat using habitat type and cover type classifications. Pages 135-143 in D. E. Ferguson, P. Morgan, and F. D. Johnson, compilers. Proceedings - land classifications based on vegetation: applications for resource management. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-257.

1988

Craighead, J.J., K.R. Greer, R.R. Knight, and H.I. Pac. 1988. Grizzly bear mortalities in the Yellowstone ecosystem, 1959-1987. Report of the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Craighead Wildlife-Wildlands Institute; Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team; and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. 104pp.

Green, G.I., and D.J. Mattson. 1988. Dynamics of ungulate carcass availability and use by bears on the northern winter range: 1987 progress report. Pages 32-50 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1987. National Park Service.

Henry, J., and D.J. Mattson. 1988. Spring grizzly bear use of ungulate carcasses in the Firehole River drainage: third year progress report. Pages 51-59 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1987. National Park Service.

Knight, R., J. Beecham, B. Blanchard, L. Eberhardt, L. Metzgar, C. Servheen, and J. Talbott. 1988. Report of the Yellowstone grizzly bear population task force: equivalent population figure for 45 adult females. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 7pp.

Knight, R., B. Blanchard, and L. Eberhardt. 1988. Mortality patterns and population sinks for Yellowstone grizzly bears, 1973-85. Wildlife Society Bulletin 16:121-125.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1988. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1987. National Park Service report. 80pp.

Reinhart, D., and D. Mattson. 1988. Yellowstone Lake tributary study - third year progress report. Pages 60-69 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1987. National Park Service.

1987

Blanchard, B. 1987. Size and growth patterns of the Yellowstone grizzly bear. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 7:99-107.

Green, G.I., and D.J. Mattson. 1987. Dynamics of ungulate carcass availability and use by bears on the Northern Winter Range: 1987 progress report. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 20pp.

Hammond, F. 1988. 1987 aversive conditioning: study progress report abstract. Pages 70-71 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1987. National Park Service.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1987. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1986. National Park Service report. 82pp.

Knight, R., and L. Eberhardt. 1987. Prospects for Yellowstone grizzly bears. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 7:45-50.

Knight, R., S. Mealey, and C. Servheen. 1987. Report to the Yellowstone ecosystem grizzly bear subcommittee; from task force to prepare recovery alternatives for the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Unpublished report. 11pp.

Knight, R., S. Mealey, and C. Servheen. 1987. Supplementary report to the Yellowstone Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Subcommittee; from task force to prepare recovery alternatives for the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Unpublished report. 12pp.

Mattson, D. J. 1987. Habitat dynamics and their relationship to biological parameters of the Yellowstone grizzly bear, 1977-83: progress report. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 28pp.

Mattson, D., and J. Henry. 1987. Spring grizzly bear use of ungulate carcasses in the Firehole River drainage: second year progress report. Pages 63-72 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1986. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 82pp.

Mattson, D., R. Knight, and B. Blanchard. 1987. The effects of developments and primary roads on grizzly bear habitat use in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. International Conference for Bear Research and Management 7:259-273.

Mattson, D., and D. Reinhart. 1987. Grizzly bear, red squirrels, and whitebark pine: Third year progress report. Pages 36-45 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations - Annual report of the Interagency Study Team 1986. National Park Service.

Reinhart, D., and D. Mattson. 1987. Yellowstone Lake tributary study - second year progress report. Pages 46-62 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1986. National Park Service.

1986

Eberhardt, L.L., R.R. Knight, and B. Blanchard. 1986. Monitoring grizzly bear population trends. Journal of Wildlife Management. 50:613-618.

Judd, S.L., R. Knight, and B. Blanchard. 1986. Denning of grizzly bears in the Yellowstone National Park area. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 6:111-117.

Knight, R., J. Beecham, F. Bunnell, L. Eberhardt, J. Swenson, and C. Servheen. 1986. 1986 task force report on Yellowstone grizzly bear population review. Unpublished report. 10pp.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1986. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1985. National Park Service report. 58pp.

Mattson, D., R. Knight, and B. Blanchard. 1986. Derivation of habitat component values for the Yellowstone grizzly bear. Pages 222-229 in G. Contreras and K. Evans, compilers. Proceedings of the grizzly bear habitat symposium. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-207.

Mattson, D., and D. Reinhart. 1986. Grizzly bear, red squirrels, and whitebark pine: second year progress report. Pages 30-38 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1985. National Park Service.

Picton, H., and R. Knight. 1986. Using climate data to predict grizzly bear litter size. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 6:41-44.

Picton, H., D. Mattson, B. Blanchard, and R. Knight. 1986. Climate, carrying capacity, and the Yellowstone grizzly bear. Pages 129-135 in G. Contreras and K. Evans, compilers. Proceedings of the grizzly bear habitat symposium. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-207.

Reinhart, D., and D. Mattson. 1986. Yellowstone Lake tributary study - 1985 progress report. Pages 39-50 in R.R. Knight, B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1985. National Park Service.

Servheen, C., R. Knight, D. Mattson, S. Mealey, D. Strickland, J. Varley, and J. Weaver. 1986. Report to the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee on the availability of foods for grizzly bears in the Yellowstone ecosystem. Unpublished report. 21pp.

Weaver, J., R. Escano, D. Mattson, and T. Puchlerz. 1986. A Cumulative Effects Model for grizzly bear management in the Yellowstone ecosystem. Pages 234-246 in G. Contreras and K. Evans, compilers. Proceedings of the grizzly bear habitat symposium. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report INT-207.

1985

Blanchard, B. 1985. Field techniques used in the study of grizzly bears. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team Report. 24pp.

Haroldson, M., and D.J. Mattson. 1985. Response of grizzly bears to backcountry human use in Yellowstone National Park. National Park Service, Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 38pp.

Haroldson, M., and D.J. Mattson. 1985. The effects of nonmotorized recreation on grizzly bear behavior and habitat use, second year: methods. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team unpublished report. 19pp.

Harting, A.L. 1985. Relationships between activity patterns and foraging strategies of Yellowstone grizzly bears. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 103pp.

Knight, R. 1985. Outlook for the Yellowstone grizzly. Naturalist 36(2):4.

Knight, R.R., B.M. Blanchard, and D.J. Mattson. 1985. Report of the Interagency Study Team, 1983-84. National Park Service report. 41pp.

Knight, R., and L. Eberhardt. 1985. Population dynamics of the Yellowstone grizzly bear. Ecology 66(2):323-334. Abstract.

Mattson, D., and D. Despain. 1985. Grizzly bear habitat component mapping handbook for the Yellowstone ecosystem. National Park Service - U.S. Forest Service publication. 37pp.

1984

Brannon, R.D. 1984. Influences of roads and developments on grizzly bears in Yellowstone. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team unpublished report. 52pp.

Haroldson, M. 1984. Test of temporary baiting of grizzly bears. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team unpublished report. 15pp.

Knight, R., B. Blanchard, and D. Mattson. 1984. Influences of the Fishing Bridge development on the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team unpublished report. 15pp.

Knight, R., and L. Eberhardt. 1984. Projected future abundance of the Yellowstone grizzly bear. Journal of Wildlife Management. 48(4):1434-1438.

Knight, R., D.J. Mattson, and B.M. Blanchard. 1984. Movements and habitat use of the Yellowstone grizzly bear. National Park Service, Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 177pp.

Mattson, D.J. 1984. Classification and environmental relationships of wetland vegetation in central Yellowstone National Park. M.S. Thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow. 409pp.

Schleyer, B., J. Jonkel, K. Rhoades, and D. Dunbar. 1984. The effects of nonmotorized recreation on grizzly bear behavior and habitat use. National Park Service. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team report. 83pp.

1983

Blanchard, B. 1983. Grizzly bear-habitat relationships in the Yellowstone area. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 5:118-123.

Kendall, K.C. 1983. Use of pine nuts by grizzly and black bears in the Yellowstone area. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 5:166-173.

Knight, R., J. Beecham, F. Bunnell, C. Servheen, and J. Swenson. 1983. Report of the ad hoc committee for population analysis. Memorandum dated 19 January 1983 to Chairman, Interagency Grizzly Bear Steering Committee; with attached errata sheet.

Knight, R., and B. Blanchard. 1983. Report of the Interagency Study Team, 1983. National Park Service report. 45pp.

Knight, R., G. Brown, J. Craighead, M. Meagher, L. Roop, and C. Servheen. 1983. Final report of the ad hoc committee to investigate the need and feasibility of the supplemental feeding of Yellowstone grizzly bears. Unpublished committee report. 14pp.

Knight, R., and S. Judd. 1983. Grizzly bears that kill livestock. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 5:186-190.

Roop, L.J. 1983. The Yellowstone grizzly bear: a review of past and present population estimates. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team/Wyoming Game and Fish Department unpublished report.

Schleyer, B. 1983. Activity patterns of grizzly bears in the Yellowstone ecosystem and their reproductive behavior, predation and the use of carrion. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 130pp.

Worley, D., K. Greer, and D. Palmisciano. 1983. Possible relationships between trichinellosis and abnormal behavior in bears. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 5:280-283.

1982

Basile, J.V. 1982. Grizzly bear distribution in the Yellowstone area, 1973-79. U.S. Forest Service Research Note INT-321. 11pp.

Knight, R., B. Blanchard, and K. Kendall. 1982. Report of the Interagency Study Team, 1981. National Park Service report. 70pp.

1981

Griffel, D.E., and J.V. Basile. 1981. Identifying sheep killed by bears. U.S. Forest Service Research Note INT-313. 3pp.

Kendall, KC. 1981. Bear use of pine nuts. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 27pp..

Knight, R., B. Blanchard, and K. Kendall. 1981. Report of the Interagency Study Team, 1980. National Park Service report. 55pp.

1980

Ball, R.E. 1980. Time-lapse cameras as an aid in studying grizzly bears in northwest Wyoming. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 4:331-335.

Blanchard, B., and R. Knight. 1980. Status of grizzly bears in the Yellowstone system. Proceedings of the 45th North American Wildlife Conference:263-267.

Chester, J.M. 1980. Factors influencing human-grizzly bear interactions in a backcountry setting. International Bear Conference on Bear Research and Management 4:351-357.

Judd, S.L., and R. Knight. 1980. Movements of radio-instrumented grizzly bears within the Yellowstone area. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 4:359-367.

Knight, R. 1980. Biological considerations in the delineation of critical habitat. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 4:1-3.

Knight, R., B. Blanchard, K. Kendall, and L. Oldenburg, editors. 1980. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1978 and 1979. National Park Service report. 91pp.

Lyon, J.L., and J.V. Basile. 1980. Influences of timber harvesting and residue management on big game. Proceedings - environmental consequences of timber harvesting in Rocky Mountain coniferous forests. University of Montana, Missoula:441-454.

Mealey, S.P. 1980. The natural food habits of grizzly bears in Yellowstone National Park, 1973-74. International Conference on Bear Research and Management 4:281-292.

Picton, H., and R. Knight. 1980. Obtaining biological information from grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) hair. Proceedings of the Northwest Section, The Wildlife Society, April 1980, Banff, Canada. 1986.

1979

Blanchard, B., and R. Knight. 1979. Reconnaissance inventory of grizzly bear activity in the Centennial Mountain Range. Unpublished Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team Report to the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. 13pp.

Youmans, C.C. 1979. Characteristics of pocket gopher populations in relation to selected environmental factors in Pelican Valley, Yellowstone National Park. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 79pp.

1978

Basile, J.V. 1978. Telemetry as an aid to the study of grizzly bear habitat. Proceedings of the annual meeting of Montana Chapter, The Wildlife Society:39-41.

Blanchard, B. 1978. Grizzly bear distribution in relation to habitat areas and recreational use: Cabin Creek-Hilgard Mountains. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 75pp.

Graham, D.C. 1978. Grizzly bear distribution, use of habitats, food habits and habitat characterization in Pelican and Hayden Valleys, Yellowstone National Park. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 88pp.

Knight, R. 1978. Possible application of biotelemetry for population size estimation. Proceedings of the annual meeting of Montana Chapter, The Wildlife Society:33.

Knight, R., J. Basile, K. Greer, S. Judd, L. Oldenburg, and L. Roop. 1978. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1977. National Park Service report. 107pp.

Kolz, A.L., L.J. Roop, and K.R. Greer. 1978. Death of a radio-marked grizzly. Journal of Wildlife Management 42(2):462.

Picton, H.D. 1978. Climate and reproduction of grizzly bears in Yellowstone National Park. Nature. 274:888-889. Abstract.

1977

Judd, S.L., and R. Knight. 1977. Determination and analysis of grizzly bear movement patterns using biotelemetry. Proceedings of the first international conference on wildlife biotelemetry:93-100.

Knight, R., J. Basile, K. Greer, S. Judd, L. Oldenburg, and L. Roop. 1977. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1976. National Park Service Miscellaneous Report No. 10. 75pp.

1976

Ball, R.E. 1976. The use of time-lapse cameras in distribution and population studies of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in the Shoshone National Forest, Park County, Wyoming. M.S. Thesis, University of Wyoming, Laramie. 34pp.

Chester, J.M. 1976. Human-wildlife interactions in the Gallatin Range, Yellowstone National Park, 1973-74. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 114pp.

Knight, R., J. Basile, K. Greer, S. Judd, L. Oldenburg, and L. Roop. 1976. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1975. National Park Service Miscellaneous Report No. 9. 46pp.

1975

Hoskins, W.P. 1975. Yellowstone Lake tributary study. Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team unpublished report. 31pp.

Knight, R., J. Basile, K. Greer, S. Judd, L. Oldenburg, and L. Roop. 1975. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 1974. National Park Service Miscellaneous Report No. 8. 44pp.

Mealey, S.P. 1975. The natural food habits of free-ranging grizzly bear in Yellowstone National Park, 1973-74. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 158pp.

1974

Knight, R. 1974. Grizzly Bear Study Team - first interim report, 1974 (summary of the 1973 field season). National Park Service report. 11pp.